Exam Creation: Multiple-Choice

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As you already know, a multiple-choice test may not only have the tasks, where one is to select a correct item from the list. To contribute to the variety and make your exam more interesting, you should also benefit from the following extra types of exam tasks.

Tasks on Determining Relations

In such exam parts, one is asked to correlate the elements from one column to the items of the other and arrange the couples that match. With the help of such tasks it is possible to check the associative knowledge, i.e. feeling the connection between the form and the content, the sense of a phenomenon, relations between subjects, features, and laws.


This format refers to the category of logical pairs and format of the extended choice. The task consists of the question and two columns. The first column (on the left) – is the list of input conditions (words, word combinations, sentences, dates, formulas, terms, etc.) to which a student needs to find a correlative item in the second column (on the right). A student needs to get the correct logical pairs.


There are two modifications of the exam task:

  • Tasks, where one item from the left column correlates with only one item from the right column.
  • Tasks, where one item from the left column may correlate with a few items from the right one.

Demands to the exam tasks

  • The headings of the columns should not be long and need to refer to all elements of the task.
  • Elements of the columns should express the content of the task; the quantity of answers in the right column may be much larger than in the left one.
  • Both, the elements of the left and right column should be enumerated with numbers or letters.

Benefits of such exam tasks

  • Such questions make it possible to check the knowledge in different course units simultaneously.
  • Such exam tasks are easy to create, since one can use the same set of items for the right column just changing the left one.
  • The exam tasks are quite laconic, because the set of suggested items relate to the same input condition.
  • To read and accomplish the exam task, one does not spend a lot of time.

Disadvantages of this format of exam tasks

  • Only some surface knowledge based on associations can be tested during such an exam.
  • It is hard to construct the exam tasks, which have enough number of homogeneous suggested items.
  • Usually, there are a lot of mistakes, since it is necessary to find all the logical connections.

Tasks on Defining the Consequence

Correct Consequence

This exam task is handy when it is necessary to check the knowledge of students on the correct consequence of events, actions, words in definitions, etc. They help formulate the algorithmic thinking in students, and the corresponding skills. Such exam tasks are good for understanding the objects, phenomena, as parts of the hierarchical system.

The body of such exam task should say “Put in order” or “Define the correct consequence.” There should be a form to write down the numbers/letters of items in the actual relevant order. The items to be put in order are specified in a chaotic order within the exam task. The properly constructed tasks give positive results.

Hope our articles helped you to understand the principles and variety of construction of multiple-choice exams. Now you will be more attentive while passing those and will be ready to create such an exam on yourself.

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